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Early care and education workforce wages and retention: Annotated bibliography


There is research that examines the relationship between staff retention and staff compensation in the field of early care and education (ECE). This bibliography lists works of research that either identify such a relationship or report on initiatives intended to increase staff compensation. Each entry in this bibliography describes studies from the United States published between 2011 and 2021. Some reports examine additional variables (for example, classroom quality, workforce characteristics, teacher qualifications) in addition to the variables of retention and compensation. These and other reports can be found in the Child Care and Early Education Research Connections research library by searching for keywords like “retention,” “compensation,” and “turnover” and filtering the results by Topical Classification #5, Child Care and Early Education Provider Workforce. (author abstract)

Resource Type:
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

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