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A national portrait of unlisted home-based child care providers: Learning activities, caregiving services, and children served


In 2019, more than 5 million providers cared for one or more children either in their own home or in a child’s home. Home-based child care (HBCC) providers are a varied group that includes both listed providers and unlisted providers who do and do not receive payment (Exhibit 1). HBCC is especially prevalent in communities of color, communities with high concentrations of people from immigrant backgrounds, areas of concentrated poverty, and rural communities. Yet, research on HBCC lags behind research on center-based child care and early education (CCEE), and the least is known about unlisted providers who do not appear on state or national provider lists and work outside the formal systems supporting CCEE programs. Using the 2019 National Survey of Early Care and Education (NSECE), this brief focuses on how unlisted HBCC providers spend their caregiving time, what kinds of caregiving services they provide, and the characteristics of the children they serve. (author abstract)

Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

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