Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Head Start Impact Study: Final report


This study measures the effects of Head Start enrollment on multiple school readiness outcomes of a nationally-representative sample of nearly 5,000 low-income children. This randomized and controlled trial compares the cognitive and social-emotional development, as well as select academic, literacy, health, and behavior-related outcomes of groups of children either attending Head Start or not attending Head Start. Follow-up data was collected at either kindergarten or 1st grade from of cohorts of children who experienced a year of Head Start either at either age 3 or age 4. Analysis revealed that access to Head Start has benefits for both cohorts in the cognitive, health, and behavioral areas. Social-emotional benefits occurred for 3-year-olds only. Overall, however, the benefits of access to Head Start at age four tend to fade by first grade except in select sub-groups of children.

Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

2018 Vermont Head Start and Early Head Start needs assessment report [Executive summary]

Executive Summary

Eligibility, recruitment, selection, enrollment and attendance (ERSEA) in Early Head Start and Head Start: Reaching emerging refugee and immigrant populations

Fact Sheets & Briefs

2018 Vermont Head Start and Early Head Start needs assessment report

Reports & Papers

Missouri Head Start State Collaboration Office: 2022 needs assessment report

Reports & Papers
Release: 'v1.28.0' | Built: 2023-04-17 15:59:38 EDT