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Culturally Sensitive Measurement of Toddler-Parent Mealtime Behaviors

Michigan State University, working with eight Early Head Start (EHS) programs, developed a measure for assessing toddler-parent mealtime feeding behaviors. This measure can be used to (1) identify key issues in mealtime feeding behaviors that may inform appropriate intervention strategies and (2) evaluate family and EHS program progress in the area of toddler-parent mealtime feeding behaviors and toddler nutrition. Participants included African American mother-toddler dyads (N = 200) and Caucasian mother-toddler dyads (N = 200) enrolled in EHS. The study was conducted in three phases. Phase one consisted of focus group sessions with low-income, African American families with toddlers, with the goal of tailoring existing instruments developed for Caucasian EHS families with toddlers. Phase two employed survey methods to collect responses to survey items generated in the focus group sessions, with the goal of testing the psychometric properties of the measure within the two target populations and testing the validity of the self report measure. In Phase three, EHS staff were trained to use the measurement instruments. The expected outcome of this study was an observational measure that directly assesses parent-toddler mealtime feeding behavior as well as a companion self-report mealtime behavior measure that is culturally appropriate for use with both African American and Caucasian EHS families with toddlers.
Resource Type:
Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

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