Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

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Explore our collection of gray research literature (e.g., publicly available reports and briefs published by government agencies, and for-profit and nonprofit organizations), peer-reviewed journal articles, survey instruments, webinars, and descriptions of projects funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation. Learn more about the scope of our collection.

You can filter your results by keyword, date, resource type, topic, location (state in which the data were collected), grant (federally funded grant that supported the research), publisher, funder, and author. And you can indicate whether to include resources with data from all states, full text, and peer-reviewed research.

Displaying 1 - 15 out of 22 results
King Yemimah A., Purpura David J., Q1 2021
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
A number of studies provide evidence that the home numeracy environment is important for the development of early numeracy skills. There is also evidence that preschoolers understanding of math language is a strong predictor of numeracy skills.…
Finders Jennifer K., Budrevich Adassa, Duncan Robert J., Purpura David J., Elicker James, Schmitt Sara A., January - December 2021
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed

The Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) is a widely administered measure of classroom quality that assesses teacher-child interactions in the domains of Emotional Support, Classroom Organization, and Instructional Support. We use data…

Litkowski Ellen C., Duncan Robert J., Logan Jessica A. R., Purpura David J., October-December 2020
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
The current study examined preschoolers' (N = 801) age-related performance on one measure of verbal counting and two measures of cardinality ("how many" and "give n") aligned with the kindergarten Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM)…
Litkowski Ellen C., Duncan Robert J., Logan Jessica A. R., Purpura David J., July, 2020
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Children's mathematics skills undergo extensive development during the preschool years. Opportunities for engaging in mathematics in the preschool classroom, however, are limited, and activities and instruction are often targeted below children's…
Duncan Robert J., King Yemimah A., Finders Jennifer K., Elicker James, Schmitt Sara A., Purpura David J., June, 2020
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
The number of adult words children hear and conversational turns they experience are key aspects of their language environments. The current study examined variability in language environments throughout 2 prekindergarten days and variability within…
Purpura David J., Schmitt Sara A., Q1 2019
Other
Peer Reviewed
This special issue of Early Childhood Research Quarterly focuses on core domains of school readiness and their relation to other factors/domains such as underlying cognitive processes, motivation, and motor skills.
Purpura David J., Litkowski Ellen C., Knopik Valerie S., 2019
Other
Peer Reviewed
Early mathematics and reading skills underlie later school and career success. Yet, many children struggle to acquire these skills at the same rate as their peers. Often, these challenges are interrelated because both domains share basic underlying…
Schmitt Sara A., Korucu Irem, Napoli Amy R., Bryant Lindsey M., Purpura David J., Q3 2018
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
The current study investigated the extent to which a semi-structured block play intervention supported growth in mathematics and executive functioning for preschool children using a randomized controlled design. A secondary aim was to explore…
Schmitt Sara A., Geldhof G. John, Purpura David J., Duncan Robert J., McClelland Megan, November, 2017
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
The present study explored the bidirectional and longitudinal associations between executive function (EF) and early academic skills (math and literacy) across 4 waves of measurement during the transition from preschool to kindergarten using 2…
Thompson Rebecca J., Napoli Amy R., Purpura David J., September/October 2017
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed

The home numeracy environment (HNE) is often predictive of children's early mathematics skills, though the findings are mixed. Overall, research on kindergarten-aged children demonstrates a relation between the HNE and early numeracy skills,…

Purpura David J., Napoli Amy R., Wehrspann Elizabeth A., Gold Zachary S., January-March 2017
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
The acquisition of early mathematical knowledge is critical for successful long-term academic development. Mathematical language is one of the strongest predictors of children's early mathematical success. Findings from previous studies have…
Purpura David J., Schmitt Sara A., Ganley Colleen M., January, 2017
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
The current study investigated the relations between the three cognitive processes that comprise executive functioning (EF)--response inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility-- and individual components of mathematics and literacy…
Sims Darcey M., Purpura David J., Lonigan Christopher J., August, 2016
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Objective: Despite strong evidence that inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors are associated with mathematical difficulties in school-age children, little research has been conducted to examine the link between these constructs before the…
Purpura David J., Reid Erin E., Q3 2016
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
The development of early numeracy knowledge is influenced by a number of non-mathematical factors--particularly language skills. However, much of the focus on the relation between language and early numeracy has utilized general language measures…
Purpura David J., Logan Jessica A. R., December, 2015
Reports & Papers
Peer Reviewed
Both mathematical language and the approximate number system (ANS) have been identified as strong predictors of early mathematics performance. Yet, these relations may be different depending on a child's developmental level. The purpose of this…