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Child Care and Early Education Glossary

The child care & early education glossary defines terms used to describe aspects of child care and early education practice and policy; the research glossary defines terms used in conducting social science and policy research, for example those describing methods, measurements, statistical procedures, and other aspects of research.

A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V W
Child Care Provider
An organization or individual that provides early care and education services.
Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies (CCR&R)
Local and statewide entities, usually funded by CCDF, that provide a range of services to the community, such as guidance and referrals to parents seeking child care; professional development and trainings for early childhood professionals; as well as parenting and other educational resources for families. Some CCR&R agencies also administer child care Subsidies.
Child Care Slots
The number of openings that a child care setting has available as dictated by its Licensed Capacity. Child care slots may be filled or unfilled.
Child Care Subsidy
A type of Child Care Assistance primarily funded by the federal CCDF program.
Child Care Supply and Demand
Refers to the total number of Child Care Slots available in a given area relative to the aggregate of families' needs and preferences for child care.
Child Development
The process by which children acquire skills in the areas of social, emotional, intellectual, speech and language, and physical development, including fine and gross motor skills. Developmental stages describe the expected, sequential order of gaining skills and competencies that children typically acquire. See related: Developmental Milestones; Approaches to Learning.
Child Development Associate (CDA) Credential
A widely earned Credential administered by the Council for Professional Recognition.
Child Protective Services (CPS)
An official public agency responsible for receiving and investigating reports of suspected child abuse or neglect and for ensuring that prevention and intervention services are provided.
Coaching
A relationship-based process led by an expert with specialized knowledge and adult learning Competencies that is designed to build capacity for or enhance specific professional dispositions, skills and behaviors. Coaching is typically offered to teaching and administrative staff, either by in-house or outside coaches, and focuses on goal-setting and achievement. See related: Consultation; Technical Assistance.
Community-Based Child Care/Community-Based Organization (CBO)
A nonprofit organization that provides educational or related services to children and families within their local community. CBOs that provide child care may be associated with faith-based organizations or other nonprofit organizations. CBOs are subject to section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. See related: Center-based Child Care.